Tag Archives: moral argument

Morality: The Great Signpost

cs-lewis_originalDeep down human beings are aware of objective morality. It’s what ultimately convinced C.S. Lewis to leave atheism behind. It was the Moral Argument for the existence of God that led this intellectual giant of the 2oth century down the path of theism, and eventually to the divinity of Jesus.

Simply put, this classical argument states that humanity’s universal awareness of morals and values come from a moral Creator, therefore our innate sense of morality proves that God exists.

This short video from Reasonable Faith is a nice summary.

Lewis would admit that there are differences in moral codes. We can’t dispute these minor nuances. However, some differences in moral codes can be explained in terms of differences about the facts. So, he concluded from three separate logical arguments that objective morality comes from God.

In his classic work, Mere Christianity, Lewis wrote the following about his pre-conversion reasoning:

“My argument against God was that the universe seemed so cruel and unjust. But how had I got this idea of just and unjust? A man does not call a line crooked unless he has some idea of a straight line. What was I comparing this universe with when I called it unjust?”

Not only did Lewis believe that morality was convincing enough to close the case on the existence of God, he said the very ability to question God’s existence was itself a signpost to the Creator, a transcendent moral lawgiver.

Lewis said, “When you argue against Him you are arguing against the very power that makes you able to argue at all: it is like cutting off the branch you are sitting on.”

In The Case for Christianity he elaborates on this point:

“Supposing there was no intelligence behind the universe, no creative mind. In that case, nobody designed my brain for the purpose of thinking. It is merely that when the atoms inside my skull happen, for physical or chemical reasons, to arrange themselves in a certain way, this gives me, as a by-product, the sensation I call thought. But, if so, how can I trust my own thinking to be true? It’s like upsetting a milk jug and hoping that the way it splashes itself will give you a map of London. But if I can’t trust my own thinking, of course I can’t trust the arguments leading to Atheism, and therefore have no reason to be an Atheist, or anything else. Unless I believe in God, I cannot believe in thought: so I can never use thought to disbelieve in God.”

So when Richard Dawkins, and other skeptics today, belligerently scoff at the idea of God based on what they perceive to be “evil” deeds done by Yahweh in the OT, they actually prove God’s very existence in their condemnation.

Why does Dawkins get to decide what is good or evil? Isn’t morality simply a by-product of human evolution and the formation of culture? Notice that Dawkins uses a moral law code set forth in Scripture to make such a judgment.

Furthermore, by condemning any “evil” thing with morals and values explicitly set forth in the Scriptures as given by God, the skeptic affirms objective morality and a moral lawgiver. Without God, good and evil are only subjective—nothing more than personal opinions and cultural perspectives.

As I heard it put once, a skeptic trying to refute theism, and Christianity more specifically, by making moral judgments afforded to them via the Scriptures, is to hop in the “Christian car” in an attempt to run it into a tree.

If this proves anything, it merely points out that there is indeed such a thing as objective morality, and that it has been indelibly imprinted on our souls by our Creator. It is the signature of God on our lives.

I agree with Lewis that an atheist or an agnostic has to embrace all sorts of illogical contradictions in order to maintain their skepticism. A world without God is definitely a world without morality.

It’s no doubt a world in which none of us would want to live.

D.D. Flowers, 2015.

Check out these related posts:

Does God Exist?
Is God Good?
In Awe of the God of Science

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Does God Exist?

It may sound strange that a Christian pastor and teacher would ever doubt the existence of God, but I confess that I have had moments where I stop and ask, “Does God actually exist, or have I been duped?”

For me I suppose it’s more like nagging thoughts or questions instead of a serious crisis of doubt. Nevertheless, I admit that my analytical mind can on occasion find it hard to take in Christian theology.

I believe this is perfectly normal for anyone who believes that faith involves reason and the embrace of mystery. As we learn and move forward in our journey, we often revisit some of the most basic presuppositions of our faith. It’s OK. It’s good. It’s healthy and should be done as needed.

Let’s be clear about this… Jesus never asked anyone to leave their brain at the door in order to have faith. But he does tell us that we must be willing to believe things unseen if we’re going to grow into faith-FULL people.

I have concluded that belief in God makes good logical and scientific sense. I’m most convinced by the historical resurrection of Jesus than anything else.

While this wasn’t the way I first came to believe in God, it has since become important to me as I learn to love God with all of my mind.

I have studied and taught on the classical arguments for the existence of God. If you’re not familiar with them, here they are in a nutshell:

  1. Cosmological Argument – everything has a cause, God is the initial “First Cause” of the universe. Therefore, God must exist.
  2. Ontological Argument – can’t conceive of anything greater than God. Therefore, God must exist not only in our minds but in reality.
  3. Teleological Argument – evidence of design and purpose point to Creator. Therefore, God exists as grand designer and chief engineer.
  4. Moral Argument – our sense of morals and values come from a moral Creator. Our innate sense of morality proves that God exists.

I think that in order to fully appreciate these arguments, we must do good philosophy and theology because they truly go hand-in-hand.

Put on your thinking cap and take a look at the following video on what is known as the Kalam Cosmological Argument, made by ResonableFaith.org

Were you already familiar with these arguments? Which argument do you like best? Do you think these arguments are helpful? What do you think about the Kalam Cosmological Argument? Share your thoughts.

D.D. Flowers, 2013.

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